Religious Folk Art. Hajj paintings can be seen on doorways of quite a few houses in the Muslim Quarter of the Old City and in some villages in rural areas around Jerusalem. These paintings combine elements of religious art and folkloristic motifs of a traditional nature. Hajj, in Arabic, is the annual pilgrimage to Mecca that every Muslim has to make, at least once in his or her lifetime. The vivid paintings are made in anticipation of the pilgrim’s homecoming, having accomplished the religious obligation. The typical Hajj painting depicts the Dome of the Rock, the Ka’aba in Mecca, colorful flowers, verses from the Quran, the name of the pilgrim, and the date of the pilgrimage. The expressiveness, vigor and virtuosity of this popular religious ornamentation is a unique artistic vernacular manifestation.